World Cancer Day may remind you of people you know who have been diagnosed with cancer. Some may even be members of your family, or you may have had cancer yourself. This may lead you to think that there’s no way to avoid getting cancer as you get older.
But the fact is, you can do simple things to lower your risk, even if cancer runs in your family or you have had cancer yourself. Some of them may surprise you!
Cancer does not have to be a part of getting older!
As a parent, you can set the stage for your children to live long, cancer-free lives.
Getting your children vaccinated against human papillomavirus (HPV) is a major step. The HPV vaccine protects against cervical and several other kinds of cancer. The vaccine is recommended for boys and girls who are 11 to 12 years old, but can be given to children as young as 9 years old and to adults as old as age 26.
As your children grow into teens and young adults, you can encourage them to stay physically active and warn them about the dangers of tanning (indoors or outdoors), drinking too much alcohol, and using tobacco.
Screening tests can find cancer early, when it’s easiest to treat.Starting at age 50, both men and women should get checked for colorectal cancer. Women should start getting screened for cervical cancer at age 21. Most women should start getting mammograms when they’re 50 years old. If you smoke now or quit within the past 15 years and are 55 to 80 years old, talk to your doctor about getting screened for lung cancer.
If you’ve been diagnosed with cancer, you have a high risk of getting cancer again. It’s very important for you to take steps to lower your risk, like quitting smoking and staying active, and getting the follow-up care your doctor recommends.
Cancer is a term used for diseases in which abnormal cells divide without control and can invade other tissues. Cancer cells can spread to other parts of the body through the blood and lymph systems. Cancer is not just one disease, but many diseases. There are more than 100 kinds of cancer. For more information, visit the National Cancer Institute’s What Is Cancer?External
Getting screening tests regularly may find breast, cervical, and colorectal (colon) cancers early, when treatment is likely to work best. Lung cancer screening is recommended for some people who are at high risk.
Vaccines (shots) also help lower cancer risk. The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine helps prevent most cervical cancers and several other kinds of cancer. The hepatitis B vaccine can help lower liver cancer risk.
You can reduce your risk of getting cancer by making healthy choices like keeping a healthy weight, avoiding tobacco, limiting the amount of alcohol you drink, and protecting your skin.
Know more from https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/dcpc/prevention/other.htm
Content source from: https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/dcpc/resources/features/worldcancerday/