Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) happens when there is an imbalance between the normal defence mechanisms where stomach acid persistently and regularly flows up into the esophagus. The esophagus may also be referred to as the food pipe or gullet and is the tube that transports food from the mouth to the stomach.
The most common symptom you may have:
Gastroesophageal reflux disease occurs in people of all ages, and sometimes for unknown reasons. A major cause of reflux is obesity whereby increased pressure in the abdomen overcomes the barrier between the stomach and the esophagus. Obesity, pregnancy, smoking, excess alcohol use and consumption of a variety of foods such as coffee, citrus drinks, tomato based products, chocolate, peppermint and fatty foods may also contribute to reflux symptoms.
Tell your doctor right away if you have confusion, chest pain, sore throat, fever, irregular heartbeat, or unusual fatigue. Get immediate medical attention if you have any chest pain, pressure, or burning that doesn’t go away.